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桉树组培工厂化育苗中培养基的调配研究

作者:组培设备 发布时间:2020-04-27 15:32 浏览次数:

文章来源:组培设备

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  桉树生长速度非常快,并且在我国南方热带、亚热带地区分布广泛,林业领域中,桉树由于产量高、质量好,成为了主要的造林育林品种。当今人们对木产品需求量越来越高,这也推动了桉树组培工厂化育苗技术的发展。但由于桉树组培育苗具有周期性特点,这也突出了培养基调配的重要性,科学调整培养基,保证培养基的有效性,实现继代增殖的目标,提升有效发芽率,最终会落实到林产品产能方面。所以,加强桉树组培工程化育苗中培养基的研究有着重要意义。

组培

  1 ANSHUZUPEIDEZHONGYAOYIYI

  1.1 YOULIANGYICHUANCAILIAOKUAISUFANZHI

  XINDEYOULIANGPINZHONG、YOULIANGDANZHUKEYIZAIDUANQINEIDALIANGFANZHI,BINGQIEZAIPEIYU1~2aJIKESHENGCHAN。

  1.2 TUODULIANGZHONGMIAOPEIYANGYIJIWUBINGDUMIAOFANZHI

  TONGGUOJINGJIANPEIYANGHETUOCHUBINGDU,JIKETISHENGANSHUDESHENGCHANXIAONENG。DUIYUANSHULAISHUO,XUYAOZHONGDIANTUOCHUQINGKUBINGBINGDU。

  1.3 TESHUYUZHONGCAILIAODEKUAISUFANYAN

  ZHONGSUOZHOUZHIDUOBEITIZUIDADETEDIANJIUSHIBUYU,XIANGYAOFANZHIZHINENGTONGGUOWUXINGFANZHI,DANSHIDUOBEITIZAIWUXINGFANZHIZHIHOUKEYIBAOLIUXINGNENG。LIRUYANGSHUDUOBEITIZAISHIJISHIYANZHONGJIUQUDELEHENDADECHENGJIU,ZAIANSHULINGYUYEYOUHENDADEFAZHANKONGJIAN。

捕鱼大作战  1.4 JIYINGONGCHENGZHIZHUKUAISUFANYAN

  TONGGUOLIANGHAODEMUTIJINXINGXIBAOZHUANJIYINPEIYANG,JIKEDEDAOZHUANJIYINZHIWU,ZHEIXIEZHIWUBUJINDAIYOUMUTIYOUSHI,HAIKEYISHENGCHENGXINDENENGLI,RUKANGBINGCHONGHAI、TISHENGCHANNENGDENG。SHOUTICHULEMUTI,HAIYOUQIGUAN、ZUZHIDENG,CAIYONGGENAINONGGANJUNZUOWEIZAITI,ZAIZUZHIQIGUANZHONGZHUANRUJIYIN,ZUOHAOZUZHIPEIYANGCONGERHUOQUXINGNENGGENGQIANGDEZHUANJIYINZHIZHU。

捕鱼大作战  1.5 ZIRAN、RENGONGYOUBIANYOUYONGTUBIANTIKUAISUFANYAN

  YOULIANGYICHUANCAILIAOZHUYAOSHIYABIANCAILIAO、RENGONGYOUBIANCAILIAO,TONGGUOPEIYANGZUZHIDEFANGFAJIDAIFANZHI,TIGAOSHENGCHANXIAONENG。

捕鱼大作战  1.6 LIZIBAOCUNZHONGZHIKUAISUFANYAN

  WUJUNCAILIAOCAIYONGCHAODIWENBAOCUNFANGFA,BAOKUOTIXIBAO、WUJUNYADENG,TONGGUOZUZHIPEIYANGDEFANGSHIJIKEJINXINGFANZHI。

组培

  2 桉树组培工厂化育苗中培养基调配与影响因素

  2.1 SHIYANCAILIAO

  YIJUWEIANYOULIANGDANZHULITIYAQIGUANYOUDAOPEIYANGKUOSANDEZUPEIJIDAIZUOWEISHIYANCAILIAO。

  2.2 SHIYANFANGFA

  2.2.1 PEIYANGJIZHONGTIANJIAJINEIBUTONGQIONGZHI

捕鱼大作战  JIANGJINGXIANGTONGJIDAIPEIYANGDEJIDAIMIAOJIAJIERUDAOTIANJIA6.8g/L QIONGZHITIAOHE3.8g/L QIONGZHIFENDEPEIYANGJIDANGZHONG,SHIYONG50GEJIEZHONGPINGTONGSHIPEIYU,LIANXUJIEZHONG3DAIJIN,FENXIMEIYIDAIDEXINGNENG,JIANGBIANYIMIAOTICHU,BIANYIMIAOLVJIANCEMEIGE1GEYUEJINXING1CI。

  2.2.2 PEIYANGJIZHONGTIANJIABUTONGNONGDUJISUZUHE

  JIBENPEIYANGJINEIJIARUNONGDUBUTONGDEJISUZUHEDE6-BAHENAA,FENWEI50GESHIYANTI,ZHONGFU3CI,ZAI1GEYUEZHIHOUJINXINGTONGJIFENXI。

  2.2.3 DALIANGYUANSUNONGDUDUIANSHUSHENGGENLV、HOUXUCHENGZHANGDEYINGXIANG

捕鱼大作战  PEIYANGJIDANGZHONGYUANSUNONGDUFENBIEWEI50%、40%、25%、10%,MEIYICHULI50PING,ZHONGFU3CI,MEIGE15dJINXINGSHENGGENLVTONGJI,ZAI30d、40d、50dFENBIEGUANCHASHIYANQINGKUANG。

  2.2.4 ABT、NAADUISHENGGEN、ZUPEIMIAODEYINGXIANG

捕鱼大作战  JINGJIBENZHUANGMIAOPEIYANGJI6-BA+NAA 3DAIPEIYANGZHIHOU,ZAIYUANSUNONGDUWEI40%JICHUSHANG,FUJIASHENGZHANGSUNONGDUWEI0.5mg/LDEABTHENAA,MEIYICHULI50PING,ZHONGFU3CI,15dHOUDUISHENGGENLV、GENZHANG、MIAOGAOJINXINGJILU,HUOQUPINGJUNZHI。

  2.3 JIEGUOTAOLUN

捕鱼大作战  2.3.1 QIONGZHILEIXING

捕鱼大作战  ZAIPEIYANGJIXIA,BIANYIMIAOLVHUISUIZHEQIONGZHITIANJIALVBIANHUAERCHANSHENGBIANHUA。ZAITIANJIALEQIONGZHITIAOZHIHOU,BUTONGDAISHUBIANYIMIAOLVSHIFENWENDING,1~3DAIZAI4%ZHINEI。ERTIANJIALEQIONGZHIFENZHIHOU,HUISUIZHEDAISHUZENGJIA,BIANYIMIAOLVCHIXUZENGJIA,3DAIBIANYIMIAOLVTISHENGDAOLE25%,SHI1DAIDE9BEI。ZAIZHETIANJIALEQIONGZHITIAOHEQIONGZHIFENZHIHOU,1DAIPEIYANGBIANYIMIAOLVDECHAYIBUDA,2DAIHOUPEIYANGDECHAYIBIANHUAMINGXIAN。YOUCIKEJIAN,ZAITIANJIAQIONGZHIFENPEIYANGJIZHONGDEBIANYIMIAOBIAOXIANWEIJINGCHENGXIANYABIANDEBUGUIZEXINGZHUANG,BINGQIEYEPIANQUESHI,QIONGZHITIAOBIANYILVDI,MIAOMUBIAOXIANSHIFENZHENGCHANG。

捕鱼大作战  2.3.2 JIDAIPEIYANGJIEDUANZHONGJISUNONGSU

捕鱼大作战  ZAIJIDAIZENGZHIPEIYANGGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAOXUANZEZHENGQUEDEJISUNONGDUZUHE,ZHEIYESHIHUODELIXIANGJIDAIMIAODEGUANJIAN。ZAIJIDAIZENGZHIZHONG,6-BANONGDUCONG0.25~0.30mg/L ,NAA0.10~0.15mg/L JIEKE,DANSHIJIDAIMIAOSHENGZHANGYOUSUOCHAYI。ZAISHIYANDANGZHONG,RUGUO6-BANONGDUCHAOGUOLE0.3mg/LSHI,BOLIMIAOSHULIANGMINGXIANZENGJIA。ZAISHIJISHENGCHANYINGYONGZHONG,SHIYONG6-BANONGDUZAI0.27~0.3mg/L DEQINGKUANGXIA,ZENGZHIJIDAIMIAOJIAOWEILIXIANG,SUOYINONGDUZUIHAOBUCHAOGUO3.0mg/L 。ZAIZHUANGMIAOJIEDUAN,1.5cmYISHANGYOUXIAOMIAOLVCUNZAIZHECHAYI,SHIYANGUANCHAZHONG6-BANONGDUFENBIEZAI0.27mg/L HE0.25mg/LSHI,YOUXIAOMIAOLVCHABIEBUDA,DANJIDAIZENGZHICUNZAIZHEMINGXIANCHAYI。ZAIZHUANGMIAOSHENGGENGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUCAIYONGLEBIANSHENGGENBIANJIDAIDEFANGFA,SUOYIGAIJIEDUANYAOYANGEKONGZHIPEIYANGJIDEJISUNONGDU,BUJINYAONENGGOUQUEBAOYOUXIAOMIAOSHULIANG,HAIXUYAOZAIYIDINGDEZENGZHIMIAOZHONGSHIXIANZAICIJIDAI,TONGGUODUIBIFENXIKEZHI,6-BANONGDUWEI0.27mg/L ,NAANONGDUWEI0.10~0.15mg/LPEIBIZUIJIA,ZAISHIJISHENGCHANDANGZHONGKEYIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGJINXINGDIAOZHENG。

捕鱼大作战  2.3.3 SHENGGENPEIYUJIEDUANDALIANGYUANSUNONGDUXUANZE

  ZAIJINGFUJIAXIANGTONGZHONGLEI、NONGDUDEXIBAOFENLIESU、SHENGZHANGSUDEZHUANGMIAOSHENGZHANGWANBIZHIHOU,SHENGGENPEIYANGJIFUJIAXIANGTONGLEIXING、NONGDUDESHENGZHANGSU,ZAISHIYANWANBIZHIHOU,FAXIANDALIANGYUANSUNONGDUYUZUPEIMIAOSHENGGENLVCHENGFANBILI,YEJIUSHIDALIANGYUANSUNONGDUJIANGDISHENGGENLVSHENGGAO,DANHOUXUSHENGZHANGQINGKUANGBIAOXIANCHULEMINGXIANCHAYI。DALIANGYUANSUNONGDUZAI50%SHI,SHENGGENLVDADAOLE90%YISHANG,ZAIJIEZHONGHOU50dXINGNENGLIANGHAO,SHAOBUFENYEPIANFAHUANG,DABUFENYIRANNENLV;RUGUODALIANGYUANSUNONGDUZAI40%YINEISHI,SHENGGENLVYECHAOGUOLE95%,ZAIJIEZHONG50dMIAOMUYESENONGLV、SHENGZHANGTAISHILIANGHAO,YEPIANBIANHUANGSHULIANGFEICHANGSHAO;DALIANGYUANSUNONGDUZAI25%YIXIASHI,MIAOMUSHENGGENLVYOULEMINGXIANZENGGAO,DADAOLE98%YISHANG,DANSHIHOUXUSHENGZHANGSHOUDAOLEYANZHONGDEYINGXIANG,ZAIJIEZHONGDE30dZHIHOUMIAOMUYEJIANWEIZHIBIANHUANG,DAIDAO40dZHIHOUDABUFENYEZIBIANHUANG,DAIDAO50dZHIHOUYESEZHENGTIPIANHUANGBINGKUWEI。

  2.3.4 SHENGGENPEIYANGJIEDUANJISUZHONGLEIHENONGDUPEIBI

捕鱼大作战  ZAIZHUANGMIAOQITONGGUO6-BA0.27mg/LHENAA0.15mg/LPEIBIHUODESHENGGENPINGMIAO,JINGGUOLE3DAIJIDAIPEIYANG,PINGMIAOSHENGGENLVMINGXIANJIANGDI,ZHIHOUTONGGUODIAOZHENG,SHIYONGABT0.5mg/LHENAA0.5mg/LKEYIHUODEJIAOHAODESHENGGENLV,DADAOLE95%ZUOYOU,GENZHANGYUMIAOGAOSHENGZHANGBUTONG,15dZHIHOUGENZHANGWEI0.5~0.8cm,MIAOGAOZAI1.5~1.8cmFANWEI。

组培

  3 PEIYANGJIDEZHIZUOYAODIANYUJIANYI

捕鱼大作战  TONGGUOSHANGSHUXIANGGUANFANGANJINXINGFENXIFAXIAN,PEIYANGJIDIAOPEIGUOCHENGJINGDUYAOQIUGAO、SHISHIHUANJIEFUZA,RUGUOYIGEHUANJIECHUXIANLEWENTIHUIYINGXIANGZHENGGEPEIYANGJIXINGNENG。CONGJINGJIXINGFANGMIANKAOLV,YAOYANGEKONGZHIMEIZHONGCAILIAODEYINGYONGLIANG,YOUYUGUOQUDOUSHICAIYONGQIONGZHIFEN,DANSHIZAIJIDAIPEIYANGZHIHOUHUIZENGJIABIANYIMIAOLV,ZHEISHIYINWEIQIONGZHIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGZHONGJINSHU、WEILIANGYUANSU。SUOYIZAIPEIYANGJIDIAOPEIDANGZHONGJINKENENGSHIYONGQIONGZHITIAO,ZAISHENGGENPEIYANGJIZHONGTIANJIAQIONGZHIFEN。

  JIDAIPEIYANGJISUNONGDUDIAOPEIJIAOWEICUFANG,WEILENENGGOUTISHENGJIDAIZENGZHIXIAOLV,XUYAOJIANG6-BAKONGZHIZAI0.25~0.30mg/LZHIJIAN,NAASKONGZHIZAI0.10~0.15mg/LZHIJIAN。ZHUANGMIAOJIEDUANPEIYANGJIDIAOPEIXUYAOGENJUYOUXIAOMIAOLV、JIDAIZENGZHIJINXINGKAOLV,CISHIDE6-BANONGDUWEI0.27mg/L,NAANONGDUWEI0.10~0.15mg/LFANWEI。

  DALIANGYUANSUHANLIANGHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGSHENGGAO,XUYAOZHONGDIANKAOLVSHENGGENLV、SHENGZHANGQINGKUANG、HOUXUSHENGZHANGDENG,SUOYIZAIPEIYANGJIDIAOPEIZHONG,YAOCAIYONG40%PEIBIZUIWEILIXIANG。YOUYUMIAOMUHOUXUSHENGZHANGCUNZAIZHECHAYI,ZAIDALIANGYUANSUHANLIANG40%QINGKUANGXIA,SHENGGENMIAOFANGZHISHIJIANGENGZHANG,DUODA50d,ERDALIANGYUANSUHANLIANGZAI25%QINGKUANGXIA,KEYIFANGZHI30d,ERDALIANGYUANSUHANLIANGZAI10%SHI,FANGZHISHIJIANFEICHANGDUAN,BUYICAIYONG。

  SHENGGENPEIYANGJIDANGZHONG,XUYAOKONGZHIJISUNONGDU,ZAI3DAIPEIYANGZHIHOUXUYAODIAOJIENONGDU,FOUZEHUIJIANGDISHENGGENLV,ZUIJIATIANJIALIANGWEIABT0.5mg/LHENAA0.5mg/L。

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